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The Tough and the Mighty

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The Tough and the Mighty
Barbagia (La società del malessere)
Italy 1969 - 91 Min.
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Graziano is a small gangster who lives with his family in the mountains of Sardinia. There are rough customs, therefore the cohesion of the family is vital. When Graziano is in prison because of small trickeries, his brother is brutally murdered. Thereupon he breaks out and takes bloody revenge. Afterwards he is captured again, but can flee again. Accompanied by his cellmate, he first ends the blood feuds of the enemy families and begins to kidnap the children of rich city dwellers with a gang of loyal followers and release them again for ransom. With this money he helps the poor farmers in the mountain villages and has the mass of people behind him. He gains more and more popularity and slowly becomes a problem for the government because he has the farmers behind him. Finally Graziano gets the tip to kidnap the son of a supposedly rich mechanic. However, he is also only a poor worker and so it comes that the poor population also opposes Graziano, because he cannot release the son of the mechanic without ransom, because he does not want to show any weakness. This leads to a large-scale search in the mountains of Sardinia and the situation becomes worse.

Terence Hill plays the leading role of the gangster Graziano Cassitta, who gradually loses control of the situation.

The movie is based on a true incident. The gangster Graziano Cassitta, impersonated by Terence Hill, is based on the real bandit Graziano Mesina, who was in Sardinia in the 50s and 60s and who was in prison only a few kilometres from Set during the 1969 shooting.

"The Tough and the Mighty" was only dubbed after Terence Hill's breakthrough as a comedian actor for the German market. That's why he didn't appear in German cinemas until 4.5 years after the Italian theatrical release. Graziano became a chattering slogan knocker, which completely turns the original atmosphere of film upside down. In addition, the film was shortened for the German market by about 9 minutes. Terence Hill is spoken in the German version by Thomas Danneberg.

The film was published in Germany under the title Verflucht in alle Ewigkeit on VHS. This is currently also the only available German version of the film, because it has never been shown on German television before and there is no DVD or Blu-ray of the film either. Unfortunately it doesn't look any better internationally. Apart from an Italian VHS from the year 2004, no other releases are known.

Don Backy can be seen in the role of Miguel Lopez. He is a very popular singer and songwriter in Italy. He also sings the title song of the movie "Ballate (per un balente)". The song was released as a single in Italy at that time. A soundtrack album does not exist until today.

Frank Wolff, an old acquaintance from the Spencer/Hill universe, plays the role of Spina. In 1967 Wolff played the head villain Bill San Antonio in God forgives... I don't!.

The director and one of the screenwriters of the film is Carlo Lizzani, who had already made a name for himself as a director of crime films with a flair for Italian social topics. He can be seen as a reporter in a short scene. Three years later he shot Black Turin with Bud Spencer, another crime film that fits exactly into this scheme.

The original title of the movie is "Barbagia (La società del malessere)". Barbagia is the name of the mountain region in the north-east of Sardinia where the plot of the film takes place. "La società del malessere" means "The Society of Malaise".

"La società del malessere" is also the title of Giuseppe Fiori's novel, which inspired the script. Giuseppe Fiori also advised the scriptwriters on the dialogues.

The film was shot in Sardinia.

Release Dates:
23.09.1969 Italy Premiere
01.02.1974 Germany Premiere
Additonal Title Screens:
Germany Italy

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No. Actor Role (Descriptions in German) Voice Actor Picture InfoIMDb
1 Terence Hill Graziano Cassitta
2 Don Backy Miguel LopezTed Rusoff
3 Frank Wolff SpinaRobert G. Sommer
4 Rossana Martini Krisman
(als Rossana Krisman)
Ehefrau von Nino BenettoSusan Spafford 
5 Hélène Ronée
(als Helena Roneé)
AnaniaCarolyn De Fonseca 
6 Gabriele Tinti Nanni Ripari
7 Clelia Matania Mutter von GrazianoCicely Browne
8 Rosalba Neri ProstituierteCarolyn De Fonseca
9 Franco Silva Arecu
10 Gaetano Cimarosa
(als Tano Cimarosa)
CartanaEdward Mannix
11 Ezio Sancrotti
(nicht sicher)
Nino Benetto 
12 Attilio Dottesio Vater Benetto
13 Marco Sancrotti  
14 Peter Martell Antonio Masala
15 Remo De Angelis
(möglicherweise, aber eher nicht)
Giovanni Cassitta
16 Alfredo Fedele Einer bei der Beerdigung 
17 Luigi Barbini  
18 Saro Liotta  
19 Giuliano Quaglia
20 Orso Maria Guerrini
21 Adalberto Rosseti
Uncredited Actors
22 Alberigo Donadeo Bunario
23 Gianni Di Benedetto Polizist
24 Giuliano Maielli
(nicht sicher)
Graziano als Kind 
25 Enrico Marciani Alfredo, der Vater eines EntführungsopfersRichard McNamara  
26 Alba Maiolini Frau von Alfredo, Mutter eines Entführungsopfers
27 Carlo Lizzani ReporterFrank von Kuegelgen
28 Benito Pacifico Sargträger
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Detto Mariano (Orchestrazione e direzione d'orchestra), Don Backy (Musica di; Canto la canzone 'Ballata per umbalente')
Antonio Troisio (Sceneggiatura di), Arduino Maiuri (als Dino Maiuri; Soggetto e sceneggiatura), Augusto Caminito (Sceneggiatura di), Carlo Lizzani (Sceneggiatura di), Giuseppe Fiori (Consulenza e dialoghi; Liberamente ispirato al libro di), Massimo De Rita (Soggetto e sceneggiatura)
Director of Photography
Michele Cristiani (Fotografia di), Giuseppe Berardini (Operatore alla macchina), Silvano Mancini (Operatore alla macchina), Alberto Marrama (Operatore alla macchina), Daniele Nannuzzi (Assistente operatore), Gianni Maddaleni (Assistente operatore), Adolfo Troiani (Assistente operatore), Sergio Melaranci (Assistente operatore), Marcello Anconetani (als Marcello Anconitani; Assistente operatore), Alfonso Avincola (Fotografo)
Franco Fraticelli (Montaggio di), Alessandro Gabriele (Assistente montatore)
Art Direction
Franco Fontana (Scenografia di), Massimo Tavazzi (Arredamento di)
Carlo Gentili (Costumi di)
Make up
Massimo Giustini (Truccatore), Luciano Giustini (Truccatore)
Domenico Dubbini (Fonico), Giancarlo Pacella (Microfonista), Mario Amari (Fonico di mixage), Ezio Marcorin (Montaggio effetti sonori)
Evelina D'Amico (Segretaria di edizione)
Special effects
Giovanni Diodato (Effetti speciali)
Production company
Dino De Laurentiis Cinematografica S.p.A. (Roma)
Assistant director
Giorgio Gentili (Aiuto regista), Armando Zappi (Assistente alla regia)
Dino De Laurentiis (Prodotto da), Nino E. Krisman (als N.E. Krisman; Organizzazione generale), Giorgio Adriani (Direttore di produzione), Giuseppe Vezzani (Ispettore di produzione), Marcello Lizzani (Segretario di produzione)
Carlo Lizzani
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This movie can be found on following media
Type Title Publisher Country Date
VHS Barbagia - La società del malessereBarbagia - La società del malessere L'unione sarda Italy 2004
Promo Der blauäugige BanditDer blauäugige Bandit Neues Filmprogramm Austria 1974
VHS Verflucht in alle EwigkeitVerflucht in alle Ewigkeit Media Luxembourg Germany
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Type Title Publisher Country Date
LP7 Don Backy - Ballata (per un balente) / BarbagiaDon Backy - Ballata (per un balente) / Barbagia Dischi Amico Italy 1969
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